Vienna Underground – A Short History

People transport in Vienna is not alone about the subway. You can find driving busses, trams and the overground train. There isn’t a precise date for that first day, when drives began about the subway from Vienna. It had been a very complicated system. The very first date inside the books is 1898 with all the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a system that is nearly exactly the same today. We speak from Line 4 and a section of Line 6, known today as modern trains and in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The difference is just a matter of changing times.

U-Bahnnetz Wien, 2017

Timetable
1925 was the year, where the City Train was reopened as an urban transport system after being electrified through the city of Vienna. The operation occurred, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected a lot of places inside the city. Within the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines inside the center: U3 and U6 and in the subsequent many years to 2028 will build the extension in the lines U1, U2 and U5.

New dates for opening
The third first date from your subway of Vienna was 1976 when the first new subway train ran on the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This is termed as a “test operation”. Additionally, the traveled route have been operational since 1901.
Last however, not minimal, in the year 1978, was built the first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had already been about the U4 line for 2 years.

1898
I am inclined to see the year 1898 as correct, analogous to the opening date of the London Underground in 1863: this year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels in addition to their electrification happened a while later. The very first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there is nowhere a reference – the London Underground would not have been opened until 1890. In this sense, 1898 seems to me being acceptable to Metro Wien.

The midst of a lifetime
After Wwii, the decission was taken in 1946 to come back two-thirds from the area “Greater Vienna” to reduce Austria. The emergence with the “Iron Curtain” and also the occupation of Vienna through the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted being a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared the war project with the Siemens Building Union being an official subway network; it was directed at a city of three to four million inhabitants, and also today isn’t on the horizon. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but with no possibility of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).

City Tram
Within the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from your fifties. The resulting conflict of usage in public places roads ended up being often solved and only private transport: As in many places in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, however, not as radical as with other cities. The jobs with the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly for the new bus lines. In these years, there was clearly also an unlucky politicization of the subway question, since the conservative OVP within the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for that subway, the dominant SPO and also the housing in the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It had been assumed that a Viennese subway would cause excessive promotion of the centrality with the inner city.
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