Vienna Underground – A Short History

People transport in Vienna is not alone on the subway. You will find driving busses, trams and the overground train. You don’t have an exact date for that first day, when drives began about the subway from Vienna. It had been a very complicated system. The first date inside the books is 1898 with the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a method which is nearly the same today. We speak from Line 4 and a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains plus 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The main difference is simply a few changing times.

U-Bahnnetz Wien, 2017

Timetable
1925 was the season, where the City Train was reopened being an urban transport system after being electrified by the town of Vienna. The operation occurred, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected a lot of places inside the city. Inside the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines within the center: U3 and U6 plus the following years to 2028 will build the extension in the lines U1, U2 and U5.

New dates for opening
The third first date from your subway of Vienna was 1976 if the first new subway train ran along the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. It was called a “test operation”. Furthermore, the traveled route had been operational since 1901.
Last but not the least, in 1978, was built the initial new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It had been opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had been recently about the U4 line for two years.

1898
I am inclined to observe the year 1898 as correct, analogous for the opening date from the London Underground in 1863: this coming year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels in addition to their electrification happened a while later. The very first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there’s nowhere a reference – the London Underground would not have been opened until 1890. On this sense, 1898 generally seems to me to become acceptable to U1 Wien.

The midst of the Century
After The second world war, the decission was taken in 1946 to come back two-thirds of the area “Greater Vienna” to Lower Austria. The emergence of the “Iron Curtain” as well as the occupation of Vienna through the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted like a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared world war 2 project from the Siemens Building Union as an official subway network; it absolutely was targeted at an urban area of three or four million inhabitants, and even today isn’t around the corner. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without any chance of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).

City Tram
Within the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from the fifties. The resulting conflict useful in public places roads ended up being often solved in support of private transport: As with a multitude of locations in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, although not as radical such as other cities. The tasks from the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly for the new bus lines. In these years, there is also a regrettable politicization with the subway question, as the conservative OVP inside the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for the subway, the dominant SPO and the housing within the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It had been assumed that a Viennese subway would lead to excessive promotion from the centrality from the inner city.
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