People transport in Vienna isn’t alone around the subway. There are driving busses, trams and also the overground train. You do not have a precise date for your first day, when drives began around the subway from Vienna. It absolutely was an extremely complicated system. The initial date in the books is 1898 using the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a system that is nearly the same today. We speak from Line 4 along with a a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains as well as in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The difference is simply a matter of changing times.
1925 was the season, in which the City Train was reopened being an urban transport system after being electrified through the city of Vienna. The operation happened, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected lots of places inside the city. Inside the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines within the center: U3 and U6 as well as in the following years to 2028 will build the extension in the lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The next first date from the subway of Vienna was 1976 when the first new subway train ran along the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. It was known as a “test operation”. In addition, the traveled route had been operational since 1901.
Last however, not minimal, around 1978, was built the first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It absolutely was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had already been around the U4 line for just two years.
I tend to see the year 1898 as correct, analogous to the opening date with the London Underground in 1863: this year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels in addition to their electrification happened a while later. The initial electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, there is however nowhere a reference – the London Underground will not have been opened until 1890. In this sense, 1898 generally seems to me to become acceptable to U Bahn Netz Wien.
The center of a lifetime
After Wwii, it was decided in 1946 to return two-thirds of the area “Greater Vienna” to reduce Austria. The emergence from the “Iron Curtain” as well as the occupation of Vienna by the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted as a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared world war 2 project with the Siemens Building Union being an official subway network; it had been aimed at a town of three to four million inhabitants, as well as today isn’t on the horizon. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but with no potential for realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
Within the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from your fifties. The resulting conflict useful in public areas roads ended up being often solved and only private transport: Such as many places in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, however, not as radical as in other cities. The jobs with the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly for the new bus lines. In these years, there was clearly also a regrettable politicization of the subway question, because the conservative OVP inside the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for your subway, the dominant SPO as well as the housing in the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It absolutely was assumed that the Viennese subway would result in excessive promotion of the centrality from the inner city.
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