Vienna Underground – A quick History

The general public transport in Vienna isn’t alone about the subway. There are driving busses, trams and the overground train. You do not have a perfect date for your first day, when drives began on the subway from Vienna. It absolutely was a very complicated system. The initial date within the books is 1898 with the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a method that is nearly exactly the same today. We speak from Line 4 plus a section of Line 6, known today as modern trains as well as in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The difference is simply a matter of changing times.

U-Bahnnetz Wien, 2017

Timetable
1925 was the entire year, the location where the City Train was reopened as a possible urban transport system after being electrified through the town of Vienna. The operation happened, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected plenty of places within the city. Within the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines within the center: U3 and U6 as well as in the next years to 2028 will build the extension from your lines U1, U2 and U5.

New dates for opening
The next first date from the subway of Vienna was 1976 when the first new subway train ran on the route between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This was known as a “test operation”. Furthermore, the traveled route have been operational since 1901.
Last although not the very least, around 1978, was built the very first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It had been opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had already been about the U4 line for just two years.

1898
I am inclined to observe the year 1898 as correct, analogous towards the opening date from the London Underground in 1863: this year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels and their electrification happened some time later. The very first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there’s nowhere a reference – the London Underground do not need been opened until 1890. Within this sense, 1898 appears to me to be acceptable to Vienna subway map.

The Middle of the Century
After World War II, it was decided in 1946 to return two-thirds of the area “Greater Vienna” to lessen Austria. The emergence with the “Iron Curtain” and also the occupation of Vienna through the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted as a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared the war project of the Siemens Building Union as an official subway network; it had been aimed at a town of three or four million inhabitants, and even today just isn’t in sight. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but with no possibility of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).

City Tram
Within the city, motorized private transport increased strongly in the fifties. The resulting conflict useful in public roads ended up being often solved and only private transport: Such as a multitude of locations in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, although not as radical such as other cities. The jobs with the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly to the new bus lines. In these years, there was also a regrettable politicization from the subway question, because the conservative OVP in the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for the subway, the dominant SPO as well as the housing in the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It absolutely was assumed that a Viennese subway would result in excessive promotion with the centrality with the inner city.
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