People transport in Vienna isn’t alone about the subway. You will find driving busses, trams as well as the overground train. You don’t have a perfect date for the first day, when drives began around the subway from Vienna. It absolutely was a really complicated system. The very first date in the books is 1898 using the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a method that is nearly the same today. We speak from Line 4 along with a section of Line 6, known today as modern trains and in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The real difference is just a few changing times.
1925 was the season, where the City Train was reopened as a possible urban transport system after being electrified through the capital of scotland- Vienna. The operation occurred, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected plenty of places in the city. Inside the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines within the center: U3 and U6 plus the following several years to 2028 will build the extension from the lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The 3rd first date from your subway of Vienna was 1976 when the first new subway train ran on the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This is termed as a “test operation”. In addition, the traveled route have been operational since 1901.
Last however, not the very least, around 1978, was built the first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It had been opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had already been about the U4 line for 2 years.
I am inclined to view the year 1898 as correct, analogous towards the opening date with the London Underground in 1863: this year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels as well as their electrification occurred some time later. The first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, there is however nowhere a reference – the London Underground do not need been opened until 1890. On this sense, 1898 appears to me to become acceptable to Wien U-Bahn.
The midst of the Century
After World War II, the decission was taken in 1946 to come back two-thirds of the area “Greater Vienna” to lessen Austria. The emergence with the “Iron Curtain” as well as the occupation of Vienna by the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted like a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared the war project from the Siemens Building Union being an official subway network; it was aimed at a town of three or four million inhabitants, and even today isn’t around the corner. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without the chance of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
Inside the city, motorized private transport increased strongly in the fifties. The resulting conflict of usage in public areas roads was then often solved in support of private transport: Such as a multitude of locations in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, however, not as radical as with other cities. The jobs from the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly towards the new bus lines. Over these years, there was also an unfortunate politicization with the subway question, as the conservative OVP in the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for the subway, the dominant SPO and also the housing in the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It had been assumed a Viennese subway would lead to excessive promotion from the centrality of the inner city.
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