People transport in Vienna isn’t alone around the subway. You can find driving busses, trams and the overground train. You don’t have an exact date for the first day, when drives began around the subway from Vienna. It was a really complicated system. The very first date inside the books is 1898 with the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – something that is nearly the identical today. We speak from Line 4 plus a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains and in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The difference is simply a few changing times.
1925 was the season, where the City Train was reopened being an urban transport system after being electrified by the city of Vienna. The operation happened, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected a lot of places inside the city. Within the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines inside the center: U3 and U6 plus the subsequent years to 2028 will build the extension in the lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The 3rd first date in the subway of Vienna was 1976 once the first new subway train ran on the route between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This was called a “test operation”. In addition, the traveled route had been operational since 1901.
Last although not the least, in 1978, was built the initial new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It absolutely was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had recently been on the U4 line for two years.
I tend to observe the year 1898 as correct, analogous to the opening date from the London Underground in 1863: this year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels and their electrification happened a while later. The very first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there’s nowhere a reference – the London Underground do not need been opened until 1890. In this sense, 1898 generally seems to me being acceptable to Vienna metro map.
The Middle of a lifetime
After World War II, the decission was taken in 1946 to go back two-thirds of the area “Greater Vienna” to reduce Austria. The emergence from the “Iron Curtain” and the occupation of Vienna through the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted as a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared the war project with the Siemens Building Union being an official subway network; it absolutely was aimed at a city of 3 to 4 million inhabitants, as well as today isn’t on the horizon. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without the potential for realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
Inside the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from your fifties. The resulting conflict of usage in public areas roads was then often solved in support of private transport: As with numerous avenues in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, although not as radical such as other cities. The tasks of the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly for the new bus lines. During these years, there was clearly also a regrettable politicization with the subway question, since the conservative OVP inside the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for the subway, the dominant SPO as well as the housing inside the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It had been assumed that a Viennese subway would lead to excessive promotion from the centrality from the inner city.
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